Home Institution: New York University Grossman School of Medicine
Field: Internal Medicine
My Driving Question
How can we develop measures to identify drivers and inequities of well-being to inform smart policies and healthcare for all?
As defined by the World Health Organization in 1948, health is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Until recently, however, we have lacked the necessary data to study the well-being of the nation and how it varies geographically, over time, and across subpopulations. Instead, for decades, researchers have studied variations and trends in mortality, disease states, and healthcare utilization as proxies for the health of our nation. Now, with access to ten years of national data, there is the potential to describe the well-being of the U.S. population over a decade and for various subpopulations.
As Nova Institute Fellows, Brita Roy, MD, MPH, MHS, and her research partner, Carley Riley, MD, MPP, MHS, at University of Cinncinnati College of Medicine, are examining the current state of well-being in the U.S. and trends and geographic variation in well-being over a ten-year period, and the state of well-being (and inequities in well-being) for various subpopulations. These results will provide healthcare providers and systems, public health organizations, policymakers, and other stakeholders with an understanding of the true health of our nation.
Brita Roy, MD, MPH, MHS is Clinical Associate Professor at the Department of Population Health, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, and Clinical Associate Professor at the Department of Medicine, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, as well as Director of Community Health and Clinical Outcomes — Beyond Bridges at NYU Langone Hospital.
Dr. Roy’s scholarly work focuses on assessing the relative contribution of positive psychosocial factors to population health outcomes and health equity at the individual and community levels. Dr. Roy is also interested in the implementation of multi-disciplinary, assets-based, effective community-healthcare collaborative interventions to improve population health and well-being. She co-leads the Yale-Gallup Well-being Research Team and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s (IHI) 100 Million Healthier Lives measurement team and is faculty for the IHI Pathways to Population Health Action Community.
Dr. Roy pursued Bachelors and Master’s degrees in Biomedical Engineering at Vanderbilt University and Wayne State University, respectively. She then went on to the University of Michigan to pursue a combined MD/MPH in Health Behavior and Health Education. Dr. Roy subsequently completed residency training in internal medicine and served as Chief Medical Resident at the University of Alabama at Birmingham prior to completing the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program at Yale University.
Education and Training
- Clinical Scholar, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT
- Chief Medical Resident, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
- Resident, Internal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
- Intern, Internal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
- MHS, Health Services Research, Yale University, New Haven, CT
- MD, Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
- MPH, Health Behavior & Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
- MS, Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
- BE, Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN
AAMC Early Career Women Faculty Leader, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, D.C., 2022
- Yale Medicine Emerging Leaders Program, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 2021
Annie E. Nolte Writing Award, Foundation for the Advancement of Health Education, 2020
First Author, Editor in Chief Review Article of the Year, American Journal of Health Promotion, 2019
Health Disparities Research Institute Scholar, National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities, Bethesda, MD, 2017
- Bill Koopman Award for Excellence in Research, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 2012
Ben Friedman Award for Excellence in Teaching by a Third Year Resident, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 2012
Best Clinical Vignette, Southern Society of General Internal Medicine, New Orleans, LA, 2011
Ben Friedman Award for Excellence in Teaching by a Second Year Resident, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 2011
TIME-R Research Award, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 2010
- VA Book Award, Birmingham Veterans Administration Hospital, Birmingham, AL, 2010
Ginsberg Award for Excellence in Community Service, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 2009
Ralph M. Gibson Award for Academic Excellence, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 2009
Dr. Jane Skillen Award, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 2009
William Dodd Robinson Award for Excellence in Internal Medicine and Department of Internal Medicine Senior Scholarship, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 2009
Graduation with “Distinction in Service,” University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 2009
Reisman Scholarship, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 2007
Summer Biomedical Research Fellowship, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 2006
Award of Excellence in Academic Performance, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 2004
Outstanding Teaching Assistant Award, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 2004
- Trends in Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Barriers to Timely Medical Care Among Adults in the US, 1999-2018. JAMA Health Forum. 2022.
- Mitigating Structural Racism to Reduce Inequities in Sepsis Outcomes: A Mixed Methods, Longitudinal Intervention Study. BMC Health Serv. Res. 2022.
- Loneliness, Sadness, and Feelings of Social Disconnection in Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Am Geriatric Soc. 2022.
- Trends and geographical variation in population thriving, struggling, and suffering across the USA, 2008-2017: a retrospective repeated cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2021.
- Exposure to Family Member Incarceration and Adult Well-being in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2021.
- Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Access to Health Care Among Adults in the United States: A 20-Year National Health Interview Survey Analysis, 1999-2018. 2020 [preprint].
- Emotion regulation moderates the association between chronic stress and cardiovascular disease risk in humans: a cross-sectional study.
Population well-being and electoral shifts.
PLoS One. 2018.
Population Well-Being Measures Help Explain Geographic Disparities In Life Expectancy At The County Level.
Health Aff (Millwood). 2016.